CLICK ON THE GRAPH TO SEE A LARGER IMAGE
The red line represents the correlation between the asymmetries of Solar Radiation calculated from the database of Judith Lean (6) and the fluctuations of temperature from 1970 AD taken from the databases of the University of Alabama in Huntsville (2). Notice the solid correlation between the intensity of solar radiation and the changes of temperature. The peaks of the line (value = 1) represent a positive correlation, which means that the increase of solar radiation generated an increase of the atmospheric temperature. The troughs of the red line (value = -1) represent a negative correlation, which means that the atmospheric temperature decreased when the intensity of the solar radiation increased, denoting an inversely proportional correlation. Notice the absence of values equal to zero, which means that the factors did not change independently of one another. The green squares represent the correlation between the asymmetries of Solar Radiation calculated from the database of Leif Svalgaard (7). Observe that the graph does not have values of zero; for this reason, the correlation is similar to the correlation calculated from Lean’s reconstruction. (6)
Although different in length and frequency, both reconstructions of the Intensity of Solar Radiation reflect the physical sensibility of the terrestrial climatic system to the changes in the flux of solar radiation. The negative correlations observed year to year are due to the increase in cloudiness (negative feedback) by effect of the heating up of the oceanic surface by incident solar radiation and consequential evaporation.
This evaluation, which takes into consideration the amplitudes, asymmetry coefficients and correlation coefficients obtained from the total solar irradiance reconstructions of Dr. Judith Lean(6) and Dr. Leif Svalgaard(7), is evidence for the theories on the increase of solar irradiance over the last three centuries immediately following the end of the Maunder Minimum. The connection of Solar Irradiance with the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere complement other climate theories. It is of considerable value to note that very small changes in the intensity of Solar Irradiance lead to severe changes of the Earth’s climate.(8) The influence of “greenhouse gases” on the climate is irrelevant. (9)
P. S. Standard Temperature is the temperature and pressure where the equilibrium constant for the auto-ionization of water is 1.0x10^14. For the Ambient Standard Temperature (AST) the value is 300.15 K (27 °C).
3. Broecker, Wallace S. Was the Medieval Warm Period Global? Science. 23 February 2001. Vol. 291. No. 5508, pp. 1497 – 1499.
4. Bond, Gerard et al. Persistent Solar Influence on North Atlantic Climate During the Holocene. Science 7 December 2001: Vol. 294. no. 5549, pp. 2130 – 2136.
6. Lean, J. 2004. Solar Irradiance Reconstruction. IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology Data Contribution Series # 2004-035. NOAA/NGDC Paleoclimatology Program, Boulder CO, USA.
8. Cowen, Ron. Stormy Weather - When the Sun's Fury Maxes Out, Earth May Take a Hit. Science News. January 13, 2001. Vol. 159, Pp.26-28.
9. Perkins, Sid. Pinning Down the Sun - Climate Connection-Solar Influence Extends Beyond Warm, Sunny Days. Science News. January 20, 2001. Vol. 159, Pp. 45-47.
New Findings Support our Theory:
Last week, Nicola Scafetta and Richard C. Wilson published a peer reviewed paper in which they revealed a considerable Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) increase of 0.033 % per decade between the solar activity minima of 1986 and 1996, which is comparable to the 0.037 % found in the ACRIM composite. The data gathered by satellites, which were reported by Scafetta and Wilson, coincide with my theory of a correlation between the Amplitude of TSI and the Change of the Earth’s Tropospheric Temperature until 1998. In my article “Heat Stored by Greenhouse Gases”, I concluded that the fluctuation of the TSI of the last 300 years had been 1.25 W/m^2, causing a change of the Earth's temperature of 0.56 °C, which is the maximum averaged change in tropospheric temperature achieved in the 1990s (the average of change of temperature in 1998 was 0.51 °C). The correlation resides in the total change since 1610 AD, which I had calculated was 1.25 W/m^2. The new findings fix the change at 1.32 W/m^2 which would produce a change of temperature of 0.594 °C, while the change I had calculated would produce a change of temperature of 0.56 °C. Nonetheless, both calculations of the changes of temperature based on the fluctuation of the TSI coincide with the natural change observed in 1998 (0.52°C) and with the total natural oscillation of temperature of -3 °C to 3 °C in the Holocene Period.
Scientific Research Director-Biology Cabinet