BIOTIC FIELD
By Nasif Nahle

The meaning of Biotic Field is restricted exclusively to which we already have demonstrated by means of experimentation on the exercise of several disciplines, like Biophysics and Molecular Cell Biology. The concept of biotic field is as follows:

Biotic Field is an Electrodynamic Field originated in biomembranes of prokaryotic cells and biomembranes of mitochondria and chloroplasts in eukaryotic cells. The biotic field is due to the effects exerted by fluctuations of the Electromagnetic Field on in-motion electrically charged particles (Photons, Electrons, and Protons) through specialized molecules, like ATP Synthase.

Summarizing the previous description we could say that the Biotic field is an Electrodynamic Field originated in the cell membrane of prokaryotic cells and the biomembranes of mitochondria and chloroplasts of eukaryotic cells.

An Electrodynamic Field is any field which is generated by fluctuations of the Electromagnetic Fields on in-motion charged particles. The term refers to the effects of the fluctuations of the Electromagnetic Fields on the behavior of electrically charged particles.

There are not such furtive particles as "biotons" which are implied in life energy state. If this was the case, “biotons” would not be another thing but photons behaving on an exceptional and unnatural way. Nevertheless, photons implied in life thermal processes do not behave differently to photons implied in all the known natural processes. In addition, no particle implied in life displays capricious behaviors: No particle implied in the state of life displays unusual behaviors.

The term "field" in Classic Physics means: The exact amount of energy needed for physical processes occur spontaneously, which implies statistical probabilities for a physical phenomenon occurs. Also, it is defined as the assignation of a quantity to each point of the space; for example, the exact amount of energy for gravity at any place of the Solar System, the amount of energy in a region of False Void, the amount of energy in any point of the expansive wave of a nuclear explosion, the energy density in any point of a beam of light, the amount of energy assigned to the electrochemical gradient of a region of a biomembrane, etc.

The Biotic Field implies density, position, and momentum of the energy used by a thermodynamic biosystem as it experiences life [the Energy Density is the amount of energy stored in a given space; the momentum is the product of the Energy Density and its speed: p=ε 0 ∫ (E.B) dτ]. Nevertheless, life is not the Biotic Field, but a state of the Quantum Energy with a precise density, position and momentum. The Biotic Field is generated by the effects of the fluctuations in the Electromagnetic Fields on the interactions between particles through photons; whereas, life is the state of the implied quantum energy in the Biotic Field.

Then, when I apply the concept of Biotic Field on my articles, I am referring exclusively to the assigned Electrodynamic Field to the space in competent biomembranes, wherein the Biodynamics associated with the Electrodynamic Field can be prompted spontaneously, i.e. donating energy.

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BIOTIC FIELDS IN BIOLOGY

For being alive, a biosystem must maintain a quasi-stable set of microstates so it can delay the diffusion of the local energy towards more microstates available in the Gravity Field (toward which all the energy generated from the transformations of a kind of energy into another one is dispersed). Hence, we can see the Biotic Field exists as a different unit, not independent however, from the Fundamental Fields of nature, in this case, from the Gravity Field. The amount of energy assigned to the Biotic Field is not the same amount assigned to the Electromagnetic Field of a conductor, etc.

Considering all the thermodynamic systems, from Archaeobacteria to the mitochondria and chloroplasts of the eukaryotic cells, the density of the energy available for life, released by the passage of a proton through a specialized biomembrane, varies from 5 to 12 kcal/mol. This amount of energy is enough to produce an electrochemical gradient of 220 mV (0.22 V), which is an Electrodynamic Field; if we consider that it occurs on a living system, at that moment it will acquire the designation of Biotic Field. One photon carries an amount of energy near to 52 kcal/mol. Chlorophyll makes use of 9.2 kcal/mol per each photon absorbed, which is the amount of energy required for the shift of an electron to one higher level of energy (chlorophyll requires of twelve photons to produce one mole of Glucose). The lasting 42.8 kcal/mol from one photon are released to the environment in the form of thermal energy (heat). On the other hand, the mitochondria require an amount of about 7.4 kcal/mol of energy to start up the electrochemical machinery of life.

Consequently, by definition the Biotic Field is the Electrodynamic Field experienced by biomembranes (Electrodynamic Field is any field produced by in-motion charged particles and by changing magnetic fields. The term refers to the effects of the fluctuations of the electromagnetic field on the behavior of in-motion electrically charged particles).

THE ENERGY IS TRANSPORTED BY PHOTONS. THE QUANTIFICATION OF THE INTERNAL ENERGY OF BIOSYSTEMS WAS DEDUCED THANKS TO QUANTUM PHYSICS; IT WAS CALCULATED BY MEANS OF GIBBS’ EQUATIONS, MOLDED THROUGH THE GIBBS’ LAW, AND... EXPERIMENTALLY DEMONSTRATED BY CELL MOLECULAR BIOLOGY.

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BIOTIC FIELD IN ECOLOGY

What I have said in the above paragraphs has practical applications in Biology, especially in Molecular Cellular Biology, Ecology, Physiology and Biophysics. In these fields, the application of the magnitude known as Biotic Field is fundamental.

For Ecology, the expression “Biotic Field” denotes any space of the Universe at where living beings can flourish, that is, wherein a set of molecular structures that experience life are present. An Ecologist that was searching the Biotic Field on any geographic space must to know all the movements of the energy available for life on that space. Then, the amount of available energy on a three-dimensional space for a given time comprehends what we know as Biotic Field.

Let me illustrate it through an example: An Ecologist who needs to know the productivity of a wheat field. For knowing it, he would have to make the essential measurements of the light incising on that place along the daytime, the energy that is received at a ground level, the direction and power of the winds, the prevailing temperatures all along the year, the pluvial precipitations happened along a year, the species and number of producers, herbivores, carnivores, detritivores, etc. After he has compiled and ordered the collected data, the Ecologist will present a report labeled as "Productivity of such-and-such Biotic Field at such-and-such place", on where he will refer the availability and the transference of energy between the diverse levels of organization on that given space.etc... After he has compiled and ordered the collected data, the Ecologist presents his report labeled as “Productivity of “such or that” Biotic Field”.

There are not living beings where there is not Biotic Field. For example, Mars has the characteristics needed to give support to microorganisms of the extremophiles variety, which could face temperatures under zero. The problem on Mars resides on both its atmosphere and its soil, which have chemical substances that impede the synthesis of biomolecules, therefore, it is implausible the existence of living beings on Mars. To date, we have not found on Mars the smallest indication on thermodynamic systems that could be tied to the Biotic Field.

In order to understand the Biotic Field better, we must review two concepts of the Ecology, a little old, but quite beneficial:

1. Biotope- the term is constructed with two Greek words, Biòs that means Life, and topos that means place, site, field, etc. The concept refers to the physical conditions of any Ecosystem, which includes the kind of environment (soil, aquatic freshwaters, oceanic, atmospheric, etc.), the amount of solar energy that falls on that defined environment, the amount of energy available for biosystems and the organic and inorganic nutrients there in that Ecosystem.

2. Biocenosis- Term composed by two Greek words, biòs that means Life, and koinòs that means collective. It refers to the living portion of an Ecosystem that is structured by all the living beings that form a self-regulating unit existing in a specific biotope.

Now tell me, which one from them you have deduced that is the Biotic Field, the Biotope or the Biocenosis? You’ve done it!!! You have answered fairly well; Biotic field in Ecology is any Biotope.

Biotic Field is a magnitude that is critical for Biology. This magnitude includes the position, amount and movements of the quantum energy (photons) in a specific space at a given time. Photons working together in an Electromagnetic Field cause a transferable electrically-charged particles interaction in biomembranes that establishes a magnitude of the energy recognized like Biotic Field or bioelectrodynamic field.

By Nasif Nahle
Biologist

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REFERENCES

Big, Hot Molecules Bridge the Gap between Normal and Surreal. Seife, Charles; Science, Volume 303, Number 5661, Issue of 20 Feb 2004, p. 1119.

Blood Cell Formation and the Cellular Basis of Immune Responses. Ham, Arthur W., Axelrad, Arthur A.,  Cormack, David H. 1979. Lippincott Company. New York, NY.

Cell volume and the regulation of apoptotic cell death. Lang, F., Gulbins, E., Szabo, I., Lepple-Wienhues, A., Huber, S. M., Duranton, C., Lang, K. S., Lang, P. A., Wieder, T. J Mol Recognit. 2004 Sep-Oct;17(5):473-80. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Closure/Emergent Organizations and their Dynamics. Chandler, Jerry L. R., De Vidjer, Gertrudis Van; Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 901, pps. 155-162. New Yorl, NY. 2000.

Extracting Primordial Density Fluctuations. Gawiser, Eric, Silk, Joseph; Science 1998 May 29; 280: 1405-1411.

Field in Classic and Quantum Physics. Wikipedia. Page visited on April, 2005.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Field_%28physics%29#Classical_and_
quantum_fields

Gentle Force of Entropy Bridges Disciplines; Kestenbaum, David. Science; March 20, 1988. V. 279: pp. 1849.

Histology. Ham, Arthur W. J. B. Lippincott Company. 1974. New York, NY.

Interaction Between Like-Charged Colloidal Spheres in Electrolyte Solutions; Wu, J., Bratko, D., Prausnitz, J. M.; Proc. N. A. S., U. S. A.; 95: 15169-15172.

Making Sense of Eukaryotic DNA Replication Origins. David M. Gilbert. Science; 2001 October 5; 294: 96-100.

Molecular Cell Biology. Lodish, H., Berk, Arnold, et al.; W. H. Freeman and Company; 1999, New York, New York.

Molecular Strategies in Biological Evolution. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences; v. 870. 1998, New York, New York.

Observation of Resonance Condensation of Fermionic Atom Pairs. Regal, C. A., Greiner, M., Jin, D. S. 2004, Physical Review Letters, 92, 040403-10. 1103/ Phys. Rev. Letter 92.

Programmed cell death in mature erythrocytes: a model for investigating death effector pathways operating in the absence of mitochondria. Bratosin D, Estaquier J, Petit F, Arnoult D, Quatannens B, Tissier JP, Slomianny C, Sartiaux C, Alonso C, Huart JJ, Montreuil J, Ameisen JC. National Library of Medicine. 2001 Dec; 8(12):1143-56.

Resonance-Enhanced Two-Photon Ionization of Ions by Lyman & Radiation in Gaseous Nebulae; Sveneric Johansson and Vladilen Letokhov; Science January 26, 2001; 291: 625-627.

The Emergence of Life; Darwinian Evolution from the Inside. Fox, S. W. 1988, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, New York, New York.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics. Nelson, B., Rayne, E., Bembenek, S. The Second Law of Thermodynamics. http://www.physlink.com/Education/Ask
Experts/ae261 .cfm?CFID=8941463&CFTOKEN=77570068

The UBE3A Gene and its Role in Angelman Syndrome. Medne, Livija. April 2000; http://www.asclepius.com/angel/ube3a.htm. Philadelphia, PA.

What is Life?. Nahle, Nasif. September 1, 2004. http://www.biocab.org/Life_
Spanish.html

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A QUESTION FROM OUR READERS

Dave asks:

Dear Nasif,
How are you today?
Is that an african name?
According to biology. What is considered life?
Is there such a thing as living matter?
Dave.

Nasif answer:

I'm OK, thanks for asking.

Life is a state of the internal energy of a system. Distinctively, a position and movement of the energy carried by particles. Any array of matter capable to obtain energy from the environment and to manipulate it autonomously to preserve its internal energy density in a quasi-stable state is a living thermodynamic system, but we aren’t talking about an explicit substance, but about a molecular combination.

There is not such thing as living molecules. Some Biology books say that the DNA is a living molecule. However, there are not living molecules in nature, but living matter arrays; for example, cells. There are inert beings that can reproduce themselves without the involvement of DNA or RNA because those non-living beings do not have Nucleic Acids. However, we do not consider those systems as living beings because they obtain the energy from the environment spontaneously, not autonomously.

Dave, I'll give you a clue to know if a particular system is alive or it is not alive. If one thermodynamic system performs autonomously a set of processes which can generate an electrochemical potential by fluctuations of the magnetic fields that relocate to the mobile electrically-charged particles towards a few restricted microstates of the energy, then the system is a living being. In contrast, if one thermodynamic system experiences spontaneously an electrochemical potential which conduces at random to the mobile electrically-charged particles in the direction of each time more microstates of the energy, then it will be an inert being. For example, viruses do not experience an electrodynamic field maintained by an internal operator; in consequence, viruses are inert systems.

Regards,

Nasif Nahle

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BIOTIC FIELD
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CONTENT:

DEFINITION OF BIOTIC FIELDBIOTIC FIELD IN BIOLOGYBIOTIC FIELD IN ECOLOGY

BIOTOPE AND BIOCENOSISREFERENCESSOME QUESTIONS FROM OUR READERS

Daily, we assess all the specialized scientific information on this topic; hence, this page can be updated daily. We suggest you make a revision of this page, at least, every fifteen days. Nevertheless, the basic subject matter will not be modified, unless we receive new data on quantifiable subjects.